A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian) by Pet, Willem J. A.

By Pet, Willem J. A.

Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language kinfolk, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this learn is to offer a normal, bottom-up comic strip of Arawak. It begins with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.

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This use of waja to create a reflexive pronoun follows the pattern of Dutch, the national language of Suriname, and also the pattern of Sranan Tongo, a creole language almost all Arawaks in Suriname know and use daily. However, older speakers totally reject reflexive constructions of this sort. ); Longacre (1976:28). e. 3 Interactions of Stem Forms and Tense/Aspect Suffixes The morphological differences between the three stem forms of event verbs is not manifested in many of their occurrences.

No. it b. ’ Unlike other stative verbs, however, for a postposition to occur as the main verb of a stative sentence, it must receive one of the stative tense/aspect suffixes. (94) *Bahy loko no. 3 Other Verbs There are two other verbs in Arawak which deserve special attention. One of these is a semantically empty verb a which I gloss as ‘dummy’. The other is the copula to ‘is’, used in equative sentences. e. ’ (95) a. ’ li the d-orebithi. 2) for more details. 2) in support of this claim. 2) where this topic is treated in detail.

SUBJ ‘a small deer’ kakosiro deer (88) a. *aba somole wadili *one drunken man *‘a drunk man’ b. 1 Stative Verb Structure Stative verbs are less richly inflected than event verbs. In particular, stative verbs cannot receive modality or directional suffixes. This may be because these notions seem to apply to events and are therefore semantically incompatible with stative verbs. One other difference between stative verbs and event verbs is that, because they occur in Verb-Subject sentences, stative verbs cannot receive pronoun prefixes,44 and the pronoun suffixes which occur on them correspond to subjects rather than objects.

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