A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language (Classic Reprint) by E. Müller

By E. Müller

Excerpt from A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language

It will be particularly misplaced in an common Gram mar to go into right into a lengthy dialogue in regards to the age and foundation of the Pali language. a number of phrases at the topic might be enough: Kuhn, following Westergaard, holds Pfili to be the vernacular of Ujjein, the capital of Mz'ilava on the time while Mahinda, the son of Asoka, took the sacred Canon with him to Ceylon (beitrage, p. nonetheless, Oldenberg, rejecting that culture, considers Pali to be the unique language of the Kalinga nation (vinaya pitaka, advent, p. Liv). He compares the language of the massive inscription at Khandagiri (cunningham, Corpus Inscriptionum, i. And reveals merely little or no distinction among this and the pah. From this he con cludes that there should have been, a couple of hundred and fifty years prior to Mahinda, a common sex among Kalinga and the island; in reality, that the faith, including its language, was once introduced over from there to Ceylon.

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Ii. The Sinhalese baema also goes back to this form. (2) It becomes niyura = nupura, i ^or^j^in bMyo, bhiyyo ' bracelet,' which, = bhviyas, and in however, might stand for nidhura. (3) It becomes onavisativasso Sanskrit e o in ^a^urjas, = unav, is 'less 'strength,' Jat. i. ' subject to the following changes: Dh. 132; PALI GBAMMAR. 12 becomes a (1) It becomes d (2) It Jab. like K. Z. xxv. akaramhasa, Dh. in kdyura = keyura, ' p. 147. bracelet,' C. v. 2, 1, 437. iii. becomes (3) It prasevaka, = before double consonants, as in pasibbaka= i = ' ' ubbilla = mleccha (comp.

23 the aorist does not take the nasal, and in the plural before form ganchi -imsa, -ittha, -imha, the very rarely used. is I believe these forms to have followed the false analogy of adanchi from damg, ' to bite,' Jat. 441 ' 8, hanchema, Jat. ii. 418, from han, have the nasal in the root. We often a nasal added at the end of a word, as in fii)d = satkritya, saJckaccam and of dhanchi, M. i. 6, to strike,' which both v. st\i, 'only, exclusively;' in a passage of the P. M. find Samyuttaka Nikaya, quoted by Trenckner, Mah.

30, tt7w=udu, 'lunar mansion,' awe7

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