Alpine Caving Techniques by George Marbach, Bernard Tourte, Melanie Alspaugh

By George Marbach, Bernard Tourte, Melanie Alspaugh

Translated and tailored from the French by means of Melanie Alspaugh 2002, Speleo initiatives, structure 17 x 25cm, hardbound English, with illustrations, 320 Pages ISBN 3-908495-10-5 Nonfiction caving, rescue and vertical recommendations manual.

The long-awaited English variation of the vintage French handbook, a definitive resource for vertical and horizontal caving thoughts between cavers around the world, is now translated and up to date from the 3rd French version (2000). whereas it emphasizes vertical caving and rigging practices, it additionally offers new and thorough discussions on many different elements of cave exploration together with: apparatus requisites and use, education, vitamin, and psychological healthiness, vacationing successfully during the cave, off and on rope, systematic prospection tools, emergency self and small-party rescue.

Whether you cave on or off rope, within the excessive mountains or within the equatorial jungle, as a speleo-tourist or a hardcore explorer, this ebook presents crucial info on the right way to optimize your potency and confirm your final security within the difficult atmosphere of vertical caves.

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May have two broods in one season. Nesting low to ground; very small nests; nests made of plant material, leaves, and flower blossoms. 2 eggs; incubation about 14 days. First flight: 21-22 days. " HABITS Male flies back and forth in a shallow arc during courtship, producing loud, high-pitched buzzing with wings. During flight, tail is flicked frequently while hovering. Page 45 Page 46 Broad-Tailed Hummingbird Broad-Tailed Hummingbird Female Broad-Tailed Hummingbird Male Page 47 VITAL STATISTICS OFFICIAL NAME Broad-tailed hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus COMMON NAME Spanish: Chupamirto cola ancha DESCRIPTION Medium-sized hummingbird.

83" 18-21 mm Page 36 RANGE Migratory birds found March-September. Breeds from eastern Washington and British Columbia south, including parts of Idaho, Oregon, California, Nevada, Utah, western Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Occasionally found in Gulf states east to Florida. Winter range is northern Mexico. HABITAT Meadows in mountainous areas, forests, canyons, chapparal, desert washes. Common in cultivated fields and orchards, including irrigated areas. FOOD Small flying insects, ocotillo, agave, honeysuckle, tree tobacco, cultivated citrus trees, palo verde, ironweed, mountain laurel, and many others.

Sacred medicine symbols among the Fox tribe included the hummingbird, which was carried in traveling bundles. Taken out of the pack and thrown, the bird gave the bearer special hummingbird- Page 7 HOW THEY BROUGHT BACK THE TOBACCO In the beginning of the world, when people and animals were all the same, there was only one tobacco plant, to which they all came for their tobacco until Dagûl'kû, the geese, stole it and carried it far away to the south. The people were suffering without it, and there was one old woman who grew so thin and weak that everybody said she would soon die unless she could get tobacco to keep her alive.

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