Anatomy and Imaging of the Cranial Nerves: A Neuroanatomic by André Leblanc (auth.)

By André Leblanc (auth.)

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Extra info for Anatomy and Imaging of the Cranial Nerves: A Neuroanatomic Method of Investigation Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT)

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Axial view (CT) ............................... Optic pathways Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) .................... Chiasmatic cistern, optic chiasm, optic tracts, optic pathways Anatomy and imaging (examination) ............. Chiasmatic cistern Sagittal view (CT, MRI) .................... Frontal view (CT) ......................... Optic pathways, optic chiasm, optic tract Oblique sagittal view (CT) .................. Optic pathways Axial views (MRI) .

_=--7"'~- ------j' Longitudinal striae chiasm (II) Opti c tract (II) Opti c radiatio ns Lentiform nucleus Med ial ge nic ula te body _J . 13a-c. i-- Optic ch iasm and nerve (I I) Mammillary body Pons Oculomotor nerve (III) Anatomy (course - terminals - collaterals) .......... Imaging (regions examined) ....................... Pathology ...................................... Apparent origin of oculomotor nerve, cerebral peduncle, interpeduncular cistern Anatomy and imaging (examination) .............

Orienta tion di agram for " o blique sagittal" magnetic rc onancc imaging (M RI ) of right optic ncrve. - - - - -- --- -- - Left optic tract (II) Optic chiasm (II) Right optic canal (II) Right optic nerve (II) Sclera - ---------c; Maxillary sinus Fig. 10b, c. "Oblique sagittal" computed tomographic (CT) sections of right optic nerve, chiasm and left optic tract (anatomic specimen) 30 Optic nerve (II) Optic pathways Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) AXIAL VIEWS Fig. 11 a-c. Magnetic resonance imaging: sections at level of cerebral hemispheres passing through the frontal and occipital poles to show the central gray nuclei and the optic pathways Anterior horn of lateral ventricle Frontal pole Head of caudate nucleus Septum pellucidum Column Of forn ix Anterior crus of internal capsule Pu tamen Insula Claustrum Genu of internal capsu le Posterior crus of internal capsu le Lateral sulcus Thalamus Third ventricle Tail of caudate nucleus La teral ventricle Calcarine sulcus Parieto-occipital sulcus Longitudinal cerebral fissure Levator palpebrae superioris muscle (III) Gyrus rectus Medial orbita l gyrus Infundibulum Anterior perforate substance (I) Hippocampal uncus Posterior perforate substance Para hippocampal gyrus Cerebral peduncle Cerebral aqueduc t Optic radiations Epiphysis Calcarine sulcus (II) Crista galli Superior oblique muscle (IV) Gyrus rectus Ophthalmic artery Lateral rectus muscle Hypophyseal Optic nerve (II) pedunc~ Optic chiasm (II) Optic tract (II) Hippocampal uncus - .

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