By Andrea Orzoff
After international warfare I, diplomats and leaders on the Paris Peace Talks redrew the map of Europe, carving up old empires and remodeling Europe's japanese part into new realms. Drawing seriously at the previous, the leaders of those younger nations crafted nationwide mythologies and deployed them at domestic and overseas. regionally, myths have been a device for legitimating the hot country with fractious electorates. In nice strength capitals, they have been used to curry want and to compete with the mythologies and propaganda of alternative insecure postwar states. the recent postwar country of Czechoslovakia solid a name as Europe's democratic outpost within the East, an island of enlightened tolerance amid an more and more fascist principal and japanese Europe. In conflict for the fortress, Andrea Orzoff strains the parable of Czechoslovakia as an awesome democracy. The architects of the parable have been teachers who had fled Austria-Hungary within the nice War's early years. Tom?as Garrigue Masaryk, who turned Czechoslovakia's first president, and Edvard Benes, its longtime overseas minister and later president, propagated the assumption of the Czechs as a tolerant, filthy rich, and cosmopolitan humans, dedicated to ecu beliefs, and Czechoslovakia as a Western best friend in a position to containing either German aggression and Bolshevik radicalism. Deeply distrustful of Czech political events and Parliamentary leaders, Benes and Masaryk created an off-the-cuff political association referred to as the Hrad or "Castle." This robust coalition of intellectuals, newshounds, businessmen, non secular leaders, and nice struggle veterans struggled with Parliamentary leaders to set the country's political schedule and enhance the parable. in another country, the citadel wielded the nationwide delusion to say the eye and security of the West opposed to its more and more hungry associates. whilst Hitler occupied the rustic, the mythic Czechoslovakia won energy as its leaders went into wartime exile. as soon as Czechoslovakia regained its independence after 1945, the fortress delusion reappeared. After the Communist coup of 1948, many fort politicians went into exile in the USA, the place they wrote the fortress fable of an idealized Czechoslovakia into educational and political discourse. conflict for the fort demonstrates how this founding fable turned enshrined in Czechoslovak and eu historical past. It powerfully articulates the centrality of propaganda and the mass media to interwar ecu cultural international relations and politics, and the demanding, combative surroundings of ecu diplomacy from the start of the 1st international struggle way past the tip of the second one.