Hume and Husserl: Towards Radical Subjectivism, 1st Edition by Richard T. Murphy (auth.)

By Richard T. Murphy (auth.)

To turn into totally conscious of the unique and radical personality of his transcendental phenomenology Edmund Husserl needs to be situated in the historic culture of Western philosophy. even though he was once no longer a historian of philosophy, Husserl's his­ torical reflections confident him that phenomenology is the mandatory end result of a centuries-old activity and the answer to the modern situation in ecu technological know-how and ecu humanity itself.l This teleological point of view re­ quires the commentator to think about the culture of Western philosophy from Husserl's personal viewpoint. Husserl maintained that the Cartesian tum to the "Cogito" represents the the most important step forward within the old enhance of Western suggestion towards philosophy as rigorous technological know-how. as a result 2 he centred nearly completely at the modem period. a lot has been written of Husserl's dating to Descartes, Kant, and the neo-Kantians. His connections with Locke, Berkeley, and Hume haven't been tested as heavily regardless of his fre­ quent allusions to those British empiricists. between those thinkers David Hume won from Husserl the extra wide considera tion. Commentators have mentioned effectively that Husserl regularly criticized unsparingly Hume's sheer empiricistic method of the matter of cognition. Such an method, in Husserl's view, can basically lead to the "naturalization of recognition" from which stem that "psychologism" and "sensualism" which lead Hume unavoidably into the contradictory deadlock of solipsism three and skepticism.

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2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. David Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, edited by Charles W. Hendel. (New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1955), p. 16. , "Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft," Logos, 1 (1910-1911): 340. •. ihrem Wesen nach Wissenschaft von den wahren Anfangen, von den Urspriingen ... , The Crisis of European Sciences, p. 12. , Die Krisis, p. 10. A. Selby-Bigge. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1955), p. xvi. Hume, Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, p. 21. Hume, Treatise, p.

B7 Hume's teaching on geometrical and mathematical reasoning is baffling in its obscurity and inconsistency. It can be argued that the more closely this reasoning attains intuitive givenness the greater its evidence and hence truth and certainty. " " ... "BB This statement assumes for us pre-eminent importance. " On the other hand, in the case of a "relation" which is directly intuitable, the "ideas" must be clear and precise. " In the final analysis evidence is for Hume intuition and the latter, in turn, direct and immediate givenness in the pure immanence of consciousness.

65 Kant failed to see what is and must be read between the lines of Hume's Treatise, namely, that the a priori is " ... "66 Rejecting Kant, Husserl interprets Hume's teaching on the possibility of the a priori in such a way that the a priori is clearly linked to, if not identified with, what is grounded in the intuitively given or the self-evident. Husserl will contend, against the traditional interpretation, that Hume's demand that the a priori be restricted to what is grounded on the mere "relations of ideas" is valid " ...

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